Here is how ladies’s determine skating is now scored (and why stamina usually results in extra factors)

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Now, one other Olympic skating controversy has gripped die-hard and informal followers alike.

Gold-medal favourite Kamila Valieva, 15, gave a check pattern that later examined optimistic for the banned substance trimetazidine on December 25, the day she gained the Russian nationwide championship.
However the optimistic outcome wasn’t introduced by the World Anti-Doping Company-accredited Swedish lab till February 8, a day after Valieva and her Russian Olympic Committee teammates won gold within the group competitors.
An Olympic official said Valieva blamed the positive test on a mix-up with her grandfather’s medication. The skater’s coach, Eteri Tutberidze, informed Russian state information company Tass her entourage is “completely certain” she is harmless.

Valieva was allowed to compete for extra gold within the Olympic ladies’s particular person determine skating occasion. Her routine for the free skate — the ultimate portion of the ladies’s competitors — options quadruple jumps which might be untouchable by most of her rivals.

Here is how the game has advanced lately to reward elevated athleticism and stamina:

Tougher jumps = extra factors

In 2004, the Worldwide Skating Union ditched the subjective “6.0” scoring system for the extra rubric-based Worldwide Judging System that provides sure base factors for jumps relying on their diploma of problem and what number of occasions the skater rotates within the air.

Kamila Valieva competes for the first time since a controversial doping scandal ruling

For instance, a quadruple Lutz — by which a skater makes 4 revolutions within the air — carries extra base factors than a triple Lutz.

However a triple Lutz carries extra base factors than easier triples, equivalent to a triple loop or a triple Salchow.

After every soar, skaters can achieve or lose factors from the bottom worth relying on the grade of execution — how nicely or poorly they executed the soar.

All these numbers are a part of the technical rating. There’s additionally the presentation score, which rewards artistry and skating abilities between jumps.

However lately, skaters have been capable of win competitions largely as a consequence of factors racked up from leaping — with quadruple jumps taking part in a bigger function in males’s and girls’s skating.

Why higher stamina can win skaters extra factors

In ladies’s determine skating, athletes carry out two routines: the brief program, which is about 2 minutes and 40 seconds lengthy, and the free skate, which is about 4 minutes lengthy.

Russian skater Alina Zagitova was 15 when she won Olympic gold after performing all her free skate jumps in the second half of the routine.

With the present scoring system, jumps carried out within the second half of the free skate can get a ten% bonus as a result of it is harder to carry out them on drained legs.

2018 Olympic champion Alina Zagitova, who was additionally coached by Tutberidze, capitalized on this and put all her triple jumps within the second half of her free skate. The 15-year-old Russian gained Olympic gold and was celebrated by President Vladimir Putin.

Russian President Vladimir Putin presents Alina Zagitova with an Order of Friendship following the Russian teen's Olympic win in 2018.

However critics denounced Zagitova’s methodology of profitable, saying the teenager’s efficiency lacked artistry or relied too closely on jumps crammed within the second half of the routine to maximise factors.

After the widespread criticism in 2018, the Worldwide Skating Union created a brand new rule saying skaters will solely get 10% bonuses for as much as three leaping passes within the second half of their free skate. The brand new rule has been dubbed the “Zagitova rule.”

Because the final Olympics, ladies’s determine skating has been dominated by Russian youngsters equivalent to Kamila Valieva, Anna Shcherbakova and Alexandra Trusova.

Even if Kamila Valieva wins, she loses

All three have gained worldwide championships after including quadruple jumps of their routines — an infinite athletic feat.

Valieva grew to become the primary particular person feminine skater to land a quad on the Olympics when she helped Russian skaters win the group occasion final week.

But when Valieva locations first after the ladies’s closing, she won’t get an Olympic medal round her neck for some time — if in any respect.

The Worldwide Olympic Committee’s government board stated this week that there could be no medal ceremonies for the completed team event or the women’s skating competition — should Valieva place in the top three in that occasion — till it is decided whether or not the skater had violated anti-doping rules.

CNN’s Simone McCarthy, Hannah Ritchie and George Ramsay contributed to this report.

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