What Is Liquid Capital?


Liquid capital refers to assets that can quickly and efficiently be exchanged for cash at fair market value, such as checking account funds or investments such as money market funds.

Marketable securities like stocks and bonds fall into this category; long-term holdings like real estate require greater liquidity to remain liquid.


Liquid assets, or assets you can quickly convert to cash, such as cash, checking/saving accounts,, and short-term investments, are considered liquid assets and reported on a company’s balance sheet as current assets.

Companies use liquid assets as a source of funds for short-term liabilities such as bills or loans that come due, funding business growth and expansion. A steady flow of liquid assets is essential.

Investors and business owners need to monitor their liquidity to prepare for emergencies, adjust to economic changes, and remain flexible enough. For instance, if your stocks don’t convert easily into cash, you may need to sell them at a loss to meet financial obligations.

Non-liquid assets refer to investments that cannot be converted quickly into cash, such as real estate and physical support. They are usually reported on a company’s balance sheet as long-term assets, taking longer than liquid assets to sell and with variable sale prices depending on market conditions – for instance, it may take several months before finding a buyer for your house investment – making these non-liquid assets. Accounts receivable are highly liquid since money can usually be collected for products or services within days.


Stocks are investments that allow you to own part of a publicly traded company. When their value rises, you are entitled to receive your share of profits made by that company, but if its price declines, you could end up selling for less than you originally paid for it – although, due to being highly liquid, the market allows you to sell quickly and get back your money within days! Additionally, some companies buy back shares to boost the price further and provide dividends.

Some assets are considered non-liquid because they cannot be immediately sold at fair market value. Examples include physical items such as machinery, vehicles, or contemporary art that might be worth millions; finding someone willing to purchase these pieces quickly could take months or years and hurt their value. Long-term investment accounts like traditional or Roth IRAs also count as non-liquid due to penalties associated with early withdrawal.

Liquid capital refers to any cash on hand to cover short-term liabilities; individuals and businesses need liquid assets to effectively manage cash flow and meet financial goals. Your type of liquid capital depends on personal and professional needs – consult a qualified financial representative when choosing what kind of liquidity works for you! Armada Finance LLC provides asset-based lending services, such as accounts receivable financing, working capital advances, and purchase order financing for customers in North America.


Bonds are loans that provide investors with a fixed return, making them attractive investments with which they can diversify their portfolios. Government-backed enterprises, private companies, and other organizations may issue bonds to raise capital for projects they want to undertake; buyers can either directly from these sources or via brokers.

Individuals often consider bonds liquid assets due to their ease of conversion into cash. Bonds are a popular retirement savings vehicle and may be sold off for profit at any time. Holding periods tend to be shorter for bonds than stocks, and investors can select a specific bond type that meets their investment goals.

Companies use liquidity as an indicator of financial health and stability, with accounts receivable and inventory assets that can quickly convert to cash being reported as current assets on a balance sheet as liquidity measures.

While liquid assets are integral to any company’s finances, they’re not the sole indicator of its overall health. Other metrics include debt-to-asset ratio which measures total liabilities against total assets, and tracking net worths to gauge a person or business’s current situation.

Mutual Funds

Mutual funds are investment vehicles that pool money from multiple investors to purchase diversified portfolios of stocks or bonds at an attractive cost. Mutual funds enable those without access to professional investment management directly in the stock market to access this service at an economical price. They are known for their economies of scale, diversification, and liquidity benefits. They can be classified according to their principal investments as money market funds, bond or fixed income funds, equity/stock funds, or ESG (environmental, social governance) funds – as well as their structure: open-end funds or closed-end funds/unit investment trusts.

When selecting a mutual fund, be mindful of its goals and strategies. Mutual funds with capital gains as their goal tend to focus on companies expected to experience rapid capital appreciation; income funds specialize in dividend or interest payments, while target date funds have their portfolios adjusted towards fixed income over time.

Investors may cash out their mutual fund shares at any time; unlike stocks, which trade throughout the trading day, most mutual funds only update their share prices once every business day. This price is determined by dividing the net asset value by the total outstanding shares (minus fees).

Money Market Funds

Money market funds invest in short-term fixed-income instruments like Treasury bills, commercial papers, and certificates of deposit to meet diverse business, government, and individual needs such as investment diversification, instant liquidity, and relative stability. There are two main categories of money market funds – institutional and retail.

While many perceive money market funds to be safer investments than bank savings accounts, there are risks involved with this form of investing. Some money market funds have experienced losses which resulted in them “breaking the buck” or having their net asset value per share drop below $1; this could be caused by either overstretching their finances when purchasing investments or an overall decrease in interest rates that causes these assets to lose value over time.

Unlike bank deposits, investors should also remember that money market funds are not protected by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). Nonetheless, numerous money market fund managers have taken measures to cover losses in their funds to maintain both their reputations and businesses.

Investors should be wary of money market funds as they may incur higher fees than a bank savings account and may pay taxable dividends depending on whether their assets are invested in tax-exempt or taxable bonds. Furthermore, money market yields have historically been low, making them unsuitable as long-term investments.

Real Estate

Real estate investments are considered illiquid capital, taking longer to turn into cash than assets with greater liquidity. This may be due to inherent value, the length of time needed for sale, and fluctuations that affect its price; nonetheless, many use real estate investments as diversifiers for their portfolios and an ongoing source of income; some forms may even offer tax benefits like depreciation deductions and mortgage interest deductions.

Physical assets, like machinery, vehicles, and collectibles, may also qualify as non-liquid capital. While these items may hold considerable value, finding buyers willing to purchase them quickly can be challenging. Therefore, the ability to convert illiquid assets into cash quickly is an integral element of financial stability and security, as illiquid assets may be subject to market conditions that make selling them harder than anticipated.

Liquid assets, such as cash, checking, and savings accounts, and short-term investments, such as stocks and bonds, can provide long-term gains with high levels of liquidity. Non-liquid assets include real estate ownership or business ownership that takes longer to sell due to inflationary pressures causing prices to fluctuate; similarly, these non-liquid investments could become vulnerable if their prices decrease substantially due to market fluctuations or other market forces causing prices to fluctuate significantly over time. Therefore, an optimal mix of both liquid and non-liquid assets must exist so you can meet your goals and objectives effectively depending on timing requirements or needs – one type may be more suitable than another depending on specific situations or conditions that arise at this moment in time.